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South Africa in the World: Navigating a Changing Global Order

This report was compiled from Institute for Global Dialogue’s (IGD) flagship symposium South Africa in the World, held in November 2018 and February 2019 and engaged government, academia, business, non-governmental and civil society actors. The symposiums covered the change in leadership and what this meant for South African foreign policy. Central in this regard was the discussion on the lead up to the 2019 national elections, the African agenda and strategic developments related to....

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Brazil’s 2019 Chairship of the BRICS: Charting a Course for 2020

During Brazil’s 2019 chairship, the five BRICS countries were clear about their intentions to make cooperation more inclusive by supporting the spirit of cooperation among business, scholars, media and civil society organisations, as well as building upon government interactions. Brazil, under the theme of the summit 'BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future', aimed to promote deliverables that would have a direct impact on lives of societies and to emphasise and maximise what BRICS means...

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Latin American Report Journal: Call for Papers

The Latin America Report invites scholarly articles for publication in a special issue on the subject “The Amazonia on Fire: The Politics of Deforestation in the Global South”. The Journal is a double-blind peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal that is dedicated to critical and alternative analysis and sharing of information on developments in Latin America, the Caribbean and other regions of the global South. This special issue will be published in October 2020.

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Africa and the World: Navigating Shifting Geopolitics

Geographically situated in the ‘Global South’ as the geological extension of the Afro-Eurasian land mass, Africa is centrally situated at the very intersection of global strategic dynamics. This raises a number of questions. Chiefly: How
does Africa and its future, interlinked with the continent’s encircling geopolitical, economic and security dynamics impinging on continental-maritime perimeters in proximity to Europe, the Middle East, Asia and the America’s relate to the
broader west-to-east shifting of the...
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Book Launch: Africa and the World: Navigating Shifting Geopolitics

The Institute for Global Dialogue and the Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection cordially invite you to a Book launch titled Africa and the World: Navigating Shifting Geopolitics.
The edited volume analyses the shifting global landscape from the point of view of challenges and opportunities facing the African continent. Africa's geographical location means it can be considered a mega-island, located in the south between east and west. Read more...

Report: Remembering the 1987 Dakar Conference: Prospects for South Africa’s Relations with Senegal

The Dakar Conference of 1987 played an important diplomatic and supporting role for South Africa’s liberation; however, today the Dakar Dialogue has almost been forgotten and does not receive much attention. Moreover, Senegal and South Africa are not known as being major cooperation partners on the African continent anymore.

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About Us

The Institute for Global Dialogue is an independent foreign policy think tank based in Tshwane (Pretoria), South Africa. It advances a balanced, relevant and policy-oriented analysis, debate and documentation of South Africa and Africa’s global politics and diplomacy. It strives to promote a broader understanding of the role of foreign policy and diplomacy in the pursuit of national and international development goals.

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IGD and Africa Solidarity for Sahrawi Event
South Africa in the World 2019
IGD-SABTT Event
Dialogue on Migrations in North and Latin America
Briefing on Fast-changing Horn of Africa Developments
IGD - FES Dialogue
T20 Summit Argentina
South Africa and Jamaica Past, Present and Future
MONA Debate
Does Democracy Create Free and Equitable Societies?
IGD Seminar with FES
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The African influence in Latin America and the Caribbean
IGD - HSRC Roundtable
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IGD SABTT Symposium
BRICS in Africa
Blue Economy Symposium
17-19 November 2014
Humanizing the Textile and Apparel Seminar
G77 +China Symposium
Bali Outcome Seminar
US Diplomacy Dialogue
30 January 2013
Post-Election Zimbabwe Seminar
IGD Multilateral Development Cooperation Workshop
South African Foreign Policy Review Volume 1
Book Launch 15 Feb
South South Cooperation Roundtable
8 February 2013
Nuclear Diplomacy Roundtable Discussion
IGD Environmental Diplomacy Short Course
Graduate Discussion Forum
Post-Apartheid South Africa 2011
Code of Business Conduct Roundtable by IGD in Cape Town
SA's Second Tenure on the UNSC and the Emerging Powers Dimension
IGD Roundtable
Options for the creation of SADPA
US Diplomacy Dialogue 2014
US-SA Relations Seminar

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Tracking the Latest Developments of the Indian Ocean Rim Association(IORA)

lonagqizaPost Second World War, the strategic importance of the Indian Ocean region led to hegemonic states competing for ownership, power and influence in the region. The establishment of the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation in 1995 was significant because there was a need for countries of the Indian Ocean to unite and not allow states from other regions to take over. In 1997, the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation was transformed to the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA).Currently, with the latest additions to IORA, the association has 21 member states and 7 dialogue partners under its wing. The Indian Ocean, which has historically been a space of cultural and economic exchange, is the third largest ocean and serves for transportation and international trade with two-thirds of the world’s oil shipments, a third of the world’s bulk cargo traffic and half of the world’s container ships travelling through the region.

IORA consists of six priority areas which are maritime safety and security, disaster risk management, trade and investment facilitation, fisheries management, academic, science and technology cooperation and tourism and cultural exchanges. IORA holds frequent meetings concerning maritime issues with the latest meeting occurring in Indonesia where the dialogue was centered on reinforcing cooperation for security and prosperity. These meetings are necessary because they give IORA members a platform to address concerning issues such as piracy, drug and human trafficking and migration.

South Africa, a member of IORA attended the 15th Indian Ocean Rim Association of Ministers on the 23rd of October 2015 in Indonesia. Representing South Africa were the Deputy Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Ms Nomaindiya Mfeketho, and a South African delegation. Australia has Chaired IORA from the period of 2013 to 2015 after which Indonesia will Chair IORA from 2015 to 2017. Of significance for South Africa, is its expected tenure as Chair from 2017 to 2019. For South Africa, Chairing the meetings will help in strengthening relations between South Africa and IORA member states and IORA dialogue partners.

According to South Africa’s Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), the itinerary for the Ministerial meeting was anticipated to cover: the welcoming of Somalia as IORA’s 21st Member and Germany as the association’s 7th dialogue partner; to discuss the latest developments of IORA’s six priority areas; women economic empowerment and gender equality; the strengthening of engagements between member states and dialogue partners; the position of IORA and a discussion centered around IORA’s 20th anniversary in 2017. The progress made by IORA shows that the association is beginning to realize its full potential but there remains a substantial load of work to be done because drastic effects emanating from climate change, piracy and human trafficking will need to be conquered on the Indian Ocean.

IORA has 7 dialogue partners which are China, Egypt, France, Japan, UK, USA and the newly welcomed Germany. One of the most significant objectives of the 15th Ministerial meeting was the introduction of Germany as the 7th dialogue partner. Most of IORA’s dialogue partners are hegemonic states and that has certain implications on the objectives that IORA seeks to achieve. The increase of dialogue partners might bring conflict to the association because when it comes to decision making, countries are likely to advocate for decisions that will favor them. The question is; what do dialogue partners bring to the table, especially when taking into account that leading IORA member states are emerging powers seeking development and security?

It can be argued that the inclusion of hegemonic states as dialogue partners shifts the association’s position from a purely geographic position to a geopolitical position as the Indian Ocean’s economic importance has attracted political attention. The recent South China Sea dispute between China and the USA will bring about tension and further amplify the association’s position as geopolitical. Dialogue partners come with factors such as influence, self interest and tension which will ultimately slow down IORA’s progress. When engaging with IORA dialogue partners, IORA should stick to its mandate and not pick a side because that will create tension. All dialogue partners should have the same amount of power and be treated equally so that IORA can progress and not serve any country’s political interest.

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