[in] focus

Iranian influence in turbulent Syria

nagar fayaziIran’s regional ascendancy is largely enhanced by its involvement and actions in the Syrian civil war, as from 2011. Since 1979, the strategic alliance between Iran and Syria has had a momentous bearing on shaping Middle Eastern politics and forestalling the regional goals of the United States (US) and Israel - which is to maintain their hegemonic position in the Middle East regioni. The question constantly asked today, is: why is Iran using much of its resources to back the Syrian regime and what strategic value does Syria have for the Islamic Republic?

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How can India stop Racism against Africans?

PoojaJainIn order to fight racism, we first need to acknowledge that it exists

Not even a year has passed since Congolese resident M.K. Oliver was murdered that reprehensible attacks on African students in India have resurfaced. What has changed in this past year? Not much, I argue. People persist in their prejudice and misconceptions while the government continues to toe the same line on the denial of racism in these crimesi.

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Obama’s Foreign Policy Legacy in Latin America: A Scorecard

SikhumbuzoWhen Senator Barack Obama was nominated as the 44th and first Afro-American president of the United States on 4 November, 2008, the entire region witnessed a concerted series of celebrations, heralding the birth of a new chapter of engagement in U.S.-Latin America relations. Indeed, on his first appearance at the regional stage in April 2009, at the Fifth Summit of the Americas hosted in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, President Obama effectively improved the mood in U.S.-Latin America relations by unveiling a U.S. policy toward the region that was centred on the idea of multilateralism and equal partnership. He also uttered words that connected well with the region’s leaders when he said:

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Iran: An emerging power?

nagar fayaziIn contemporary International Relations (IR), new powers are emerging to contest the United States (US) primacy and bring about vital changes to the global arena. There has been a shift from a predominant unipolar world order to a more multipolar world order. These powers are commonly known as ‘emerging powers’ and a common question asked today is, whether Iran can be considered an emerging power?

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International Law under Scrutiny: The Challenges & Impediments of International Courts

RemofiloeThe establishment of international courts came about in order to facilitate the role of the United Nations (UN) in attaining and maintaining international peace and security; achieving international cooperation in solving social, cultural, and humanitarian problems, promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends1. International courts that mediate and preside over matters with legal impacts between states and between states and authorised organs and agencies of the United Nations include the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Criminal Court (ICC) as well as the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), with the ICC being the most famous one.

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