The SDGs are an inter governmentally agreed set of targets relating to international development. They come after the millennium development goals which ended just recently and build the sustainable development agenda that was finalised by member states during the Rio + 20 Summit.The SDGs were first formally discussed at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio De Janeiro in June 2012 (Rio +20).
The UN General Assembly‘s Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) forwarded a proposal for the SDGs to the assembly in 19 July 2014.The proposal contained 17 goals with 169 targets covering a broad range of sustainable development issues.These included ending poverty and hunger, imroving health and education,making cities more sustainable, combating climate change and protecting ocean sand forests.
On 4th December 2014, the UN General Assembly accepted the Secretary General’s Synthesis Report which stated that the agenda for the post 2015 SDG process would be based on the Open Working Group(OWG) proposals.
Researchers in developing countries however argue that development goals sometimes do not reflect the context of the poor countries. Their arguments come from the just ended three day Methodology Meeting on South South and Triangular Cooperation and strategy meeting on the Future of Southern Voice at White Sand Hotel in Dar es Salaam.
The meeting which was organised jointly by the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organisation (STIPRO) in collaboration with Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) and Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF) reminded about scientific approach and methodologies towards implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. Executive Director of the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization (STIPRO) Dr. Bitrina Diyamet, says there was little scientific studies when preparing development goals.